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Canada-France Relations

Canada and France have a rich and strong relationship, rooted in shared values and shaped by a common history and language. Both countries are committed to working closely in a number of ways and to using their relationship in the service of a fair and equitable international order based on respect for law. Canada and France have adopted roadmaps and action plans to guide their joint actions, primarily in the areas of peacekeeping, culture, the environment and climate changeinternational assistance and sustainable development, and artificial intelligence. Canada and France are working together to promote multilateralism, human rights and progressive values, including gender equality and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and President Emmanuel Macron have maintained regular contact in the context of the current health crisis and both countries have worked together to support airlines, repatriate fellow citizens and in matters relating to access to vaccines, among others. Previously, in addition to frequent meetings during international summits, regular bilateral exchanges on both sides of the Atlantic have contributed to this ongoing partnership. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was in France for a bilateral visit in April 2018, accompanied by 4 ministers and a trade delegation consisting of representatives from the green technology and artificial intelligence sectors. Prime Minister Trudeau was the first Canadian government leader to address the French National Assembly on this occasion. In June 2018, President Emmanuel Macron visited Canada in connection with the G7 Summit. Prime Minister Trudeau then returned to Paris in May 2019, in response to the Christchurch Call to Action to eliminate violent extremism, including online. Lastly, Prime Minister Trudeau also participated in the G7 Summit held in Biarritz, France, in August 2019.

Canada and France regularly take the opportunity to highlight the deep ties of their relationship during the numerous ceremonies commemorating the First and Second World Wars. In November 2018, Prime Minister Trudeau travelled to France for the ceremonies commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Armistice. The Prime Minister also attended the commemorative events marking the 75th anniversary of the Normandy landings on June 6, 2019.

As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the G7 and the G20, founding member of the European Union and a key partner in La Francophonie, France is a key ally for Canada on the international stage. France and Canada work closely on foreign policy matters and have a shared vision for international relations: a commitment to multilateralism, a focus on finding constructive solutions to international security problems, the protection of the environment, and the promotion of democracy, human rights, gender equality, good governance and development.

Canada and France also work closely in a number of hot spots around the world, including in the Sahel, the Baltics and the Middle East. In the Sahel, Canada is providing air transportation support to the French operation Barkhane. French and Canadian troops are also part of NATO’s deployment in the Baltic States: French troops served in Lithuania and Estonia while Canada is leading the deployment of the Enhanced Forward Presence in Latvia. Canada and France are also involved in NATO Mission Iraq.

Canada and France enjoy excellent relations in the world of academia. With numerous Canadian Studies Centres in France and hundreds of student exchange agreements signed between Canadian and French higher education institutions, a large number of French students come to Canada every year. Moreover, France is one of the most popular destinations for Canadian post‑secondary students, particularly among non‑Anglophone countries. Canada signed its first Youth Mobility Agreement with France in 1956. The latest agreement, in effect since 2015, allows Canadian and French youth aged 18 to 35 to work, travel and complete an internship in the other country for a period of up to 24 months.

In France, Canada is represented by the Embassy of Canada in Paris. Canada also has consulates headed by honorary consuls in Lyon, Nice, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon and Toulouse. France is represented in Canada by its embassy in Ottawa and has consulates in Vancouver, Toronto, Montréal, city of Québec and Moncton.


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