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Facts and myths about CETA

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Facts and myths about CETA

 

What are the benefits of CETA for France’s economy?

Thanks to CETA:

  • France can export 98% of its products to Canada duty-free (and 99% by 2022) – according to Statistics Canada, Canadian imports from France have grown by 21% in the first 18 months after the implementation of the agreement, and by 11% in the agrifood sector.
  • France becomes a more attractive port of entry for Canada in Europe – direct Canadian investments have increased by 9.95% in 2018.
  • With CETA, Canada has opened its government procurement markets at a federal, provincial and municipal level – a first in international trade agreements signed by Canada. Public transport, construction and public works, consulting services, IT services, equipment repair and services will be among the sectors which should benefit the most from CETA.
  • 42 French PDOs are now protected in Canada under CETA (on top of hundreds of PDOs for French wine and spirits already protected under a previous agreement).

IS CETA DANGEROUS FOR THE CLIMATE, the ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH?

No. CETA includes chapters on the environment and sustainable development which provide for cooperation between Canada and Europe. It also guarantees the right for governments part of the EU to regulate in chapters such as the one on safety of agricultural products and the chapter on investments.

CETA was negotiated before the Paris Agreement, but explicit references to the Paris Agreement were later added to the Joint Interpretative Instrument on the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada & the European Union and its Member States (October 2016) and to a decision of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) Joint Committee (September 2018).

DOES CETA RESPECT THE PARIS AGREEMENT?

Yes.CETA (article 24.4) explicitely mentions that obligations undertaken by Canada and the European Union in multilateral environmental agreements, including the Paris Agreement, be respected.

CAN CANADA USE CETA TO ALLOW HORMONE-TREATED BEEF, GMO OR OTHER PRODUCTS FORBIDDEN IN FRANCE ?

No. The European health standards are applicable to Canadian products, including the ban on growth hormones and other food additives for animals, as well as the GM regulation. CETA does not change anything to these standards, nor to the standards implemented in Canada regarding European products imported to Canada.

IS CETA A THREAT TO THE FRENCH CATTLE INDUSTRY?

No. The duty-free in-quotas of beef could come to 64,950 tons i.e. 0.8% of the European market, and 2.4 grams per week and per inhabitant – which weighs less than a Euro penny. The in-quota for pork meat is about 80,000 tons, which represents less than 0.5% of quantities consumed in Europe. These quotas will span progressively over 7 years (i.e., completely accessible in 2023).

WILL CETA PAVE THE WAY FOR PRIVATE JUSTICE ALLOWING MUTINATIONAL COMPANIES TO IMPOSE THEIR VIEWS?

No. The chapter on investments breaks from private practice and arbitration, which is present in over 90 treaties signed by France. CETA provides for a court system composed of judges, nominated and paid by States, with the possibility to appeal. CETA reinforces ethical requirements for the members of the court and helps prevent conflicts of interests. This court will be implemented upon the full entry into force (i.e., once CETA is ratified by the Parliaments of the 28 EU Member States).


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Date Modified:
2019-07-02