Canada - Nigeria Relations
Canada in Nigeria
Canada and Nigeria established diplomatic relations in 1962, shortly after Nigeria’s independence in 1960.
Since 2004, Canada has an Honorary Consul in Port Harcourt.
The Canada-Nigeria Bi-National Commission, created in 2012, serves as a key forum for bilateral exchanges on political, trade, development and security issues.
Nigeria in Canada
Nigeria is represented in Canada by a High Commission in Canada, which opened in Ottawa in 1973.
Nigerian Students in Canada
In 2017, Canada welcomed more than 10,000 Nigerian students. Nigeria was Canada’s most important source of international students from sub-Saharan Africa.
Trade and Investments
In 2017, Nigeria was Canada’s largest bilateral merchandise trading partner in sub-Saharan Africa, with bilateral merchandise trade totaling $1.47 billion.
In 2017, Canadian merchandise imports from Nigeria totalled $1.04 billion.
Canada’s main imports consist of mineral fuels and oils, cocoa, rubber, lead and processed foods.
In 2017, Canada’s exports to Nigeria totalled $434.6 million – making Nigeria our third largest export market in Africa.
Canada exports a wide range of products, including wheat, manufacturing equipment, software, aircrafts, and cars.
- A Double Taxation Agreement entered into force in 1999.
- A Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) was signed on May 6, 2015, in Abuja.
Development and Humanitarian Assistance
In 2016-2017, the Canadian development assistance for Nigeria reached $110.23 million.
Canada’s bilateral development assistance in Nigeria targets the following action areas from the Feminist International Assistance Policy: 1) human dignity, including sexual and reproductive health and rights, and 2) growth that works for everyone.
Canada is closely monitoring the humanitarian situation in Nigeria and is concerned about the plight of civilian populations affected by the Boko Haram insurgency, both in Nigeria and in neighbouring countries.
Canada remains committed to working with international partners to help respond to humanitarian needs in Nigeria as well as those of Nigerian refugees and host communities in the neighbouring countries of Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
To date, Canada announced $27.57 million in humanitarian assistance to Nigeria for 2018. The funding provides vulnerable populations, including women and children, with life-saving assistance, including food, acute malnutrition treatment, clean water, health care, protection services and support for livelihoods.
Peace and Security
Canada is also providing security assistance in Nigeria:
- Global Partnership Program (GPP): strengthening biological security in Nigeria;
- Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building (CTCB) Program: training on investigation techniques , and on post- explosion investigation techniques in accordance with international standards and human rights;
- Regional technical assistance: strengthening border control, criminal justice systems and the capacity of law enforcement authorities to prevent and address terrorism in the region.
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