Canada and Qatar have enjoyed uninterrupted diplomatic relations since 1974. In Qatar, Canada is represented by the Embassy of Canada to the State of Qatar in Doha, where Canada also maintains the Visa Application Centre. In Canada, Qatar is represented by the Embassy of the State of Qatar in Ottawa. Qatar opened its embassy in Canada in 2011 while Canada’s embassy in Qatar opened in 2012.
Qatar, a small peninsula nation with a population of 2.7 million, is a key partner for Canada in the Gulf region. Both countries share friendly bilateral relations and have strong trade and investment ties. As the world’s largest exporter of liquefied natural gas, the energy sector remains Qatar’s main economic driver, but the government is rapidly transforming toward a modern and diversified economy that is both hydrocarbon and knowledge based. Major infrastructure works are also underway in preparation for Qatar to host the FIFA 2022 World Cup.
In 2019, bilateral merchandise trade between Canada and Qatar was valued at $331.7 million. Qatar is Canada’s third-largest commercial partner among Gulf Cooperation Council states. Canada’s top merchandise exports to Qatar in 2019, valued at $266.0 million, included mineral ores, aircraft and parts, machinery, cereals, and scientific instruments. Canada’s 2019 merchandise imports from Qatar, valued at $65.7 million, included mineral fuels and oils, aluminum, fertilizers, chemical products, and mineral ores.
More than 9,000 Canadian expatriates live and prosper in Qatar, working within Canadian and Qatari companies and institutions. This dynamic expatriate community is very active in Qatar and helps to advance our mutual interests. Qatar Airways offers four direct flights per week between Montréal and Doha.
In 2017, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt severed diplomatic ties with Qatar and imposed an economic, land, sea and air blockade. In January 2021, diplomatic relations were restored, flights resumed, and the land border with Saudi Arabia reopened. Canada strives to maintain friendly and positive bilateral relations with all Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member states.
Trade and investment agreements
Trade and investment agreements involving Canada and Qatar:
- World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Facilitation (TFA)
- Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
- Agreement on Trade-related Investment Measures (TRIMS)
- General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (GATT)
- General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
- World Trade Organization Information Technology Agreement (ITA)
For more information, consult trade and investment agreements.
Partners and organizations
To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and Qatar work closely in multilateral fora, such as:
- La Francophonie
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
- United Nations (UN)
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- World Trade Organization (WTO)
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