Canada - Republic of Moldova Relations
Canada and Moldova established diplomatic relations in 1992.
Positive bilateral relations led to the December 2013 opening Embassy of the Republic of Moldova to Canada in Ottawa. Canada is represented in Moldova through the Embassy of Canada to Romania, the Republic of Bulgaria and the Republic of Moldova in Bucharest.
Canada participates in projects aimed at strengthening civil society, democracy and human rights in Moldova. Moldova was recently added to the Canada Fund for Local initiatives (CFLI) list of eligible countries. To date, funded projects focused on:
- promoting inclusive and accountable governance
- respect for diversity
- gender balance and human rights
- stimulating sustainable and green economic growth
- promoting stability and security
Moldova aspires to join the European Union (EU) and has implemented a three-year action plan within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). Moldova’s integration into the Euro-Atlantic community is in Canada’s interest as it will contribute directly to the security and stability of the region.
Canada supports the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)-led 5+2 talks aimed at achieving peaceful resolution of the Transnistrian conflict. The 5+2 format involves three mediators (Russia, the OSCE and Ukraine), the parties (Moldova and Transnistria) and two observers (the United States and the EU). The goal of the 5+2 format is to work out the parameters of the comprehensive settlement based on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova within its internationally recognized borders, with a special status for Transnistria. Talks resumed in 2011 after a five-year hiatus.
As members of La Francophonie, Canada and Moldova cooperate on various issues pertaining to the mandate of the international organization.
Trade and Investment
Canadian trade and investment interests in Moldova remain modest. The Embassy of the Republic of Moldova to Canada hopes to boost the commercial relationship.
Canadian merchandise exports to Moldova increased by 49% to $1.705 million in 2017 ($1.141 million in 2016 and $1.656 million in 2015). The largest exports were pharmaceutical products, electric machinery and tanning and dye chemicals. Canadian merchandise imports from Moldova increased by 28% to $13.3 million in 2017 ($10.320 million in 2016 and $9.911 million in 2015) and primarily comprise wine, apparel and nuts.
On June 12, 2018, Canada and Moldova signed a bilateral Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) during a visit by Tudor Ulianovschi, Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the Republic of Moldova, to Canada. The FIPA included a joint declaration recognizing the importance of progressive and inclusive trade and investment. Canada and Moldova began negotiations toward a FIPA in June 2013. A bilateral FIPA will provide greater predictability and certainty for Canadian investors considering investment opportunities in Moldova. Moldova remains a complex and challenging market for foreign investors.
In 2002, Canada and Moldova signed a double taxation agreement.
High-Level Visits and Agreements
In March 2012, Robert Dechert, as parliamentary secretary to the minister of foreign affairs, visited Moldova where he attended president Nicolae Timofti’s swearing-in ceremony. As deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs and European integration, Natalia Gherman’s visit to Canada In December 2013 marked the first visit by a foreign minister from the Republic of Moldova to Canada. Her visit coincided with the opening of the Moldovan embassy and the conclusion of negotiations for a Canada-Moldova FIPA.
In March 2014, minister of foreign affairs John Baird visited Moldova and held meetings with Moldova’s president Nicolae Timofti, prime minister Iurie Leanca, Deputy Prime Minister Natalia Gherman and Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration Eugen Carpov, Deputy PM responsible for Transnistrian reintegration, and Igor Corman, Speaker of Parliament. In the fall of 2011, the Canada-Moldova Friendship Group was established in Inter-parliamentary groups.
An estimated 40,000 to 50,000 Canadians of Moldovan origin live in Canada, mainly in Toronto and Montréal.
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