Factsheet : Romania

Official Title:
Romania


General Information

Capital: Bucharest
Population (million): 19.52
Total Area: 238,391km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 3.12 Leu (new) (RON)(2018- Annual average)
National Holiday: December 1, Unification Day (1918)
Language(s): Romanian (official language), Hungarian, German


Political Information

Type of State:
Republic

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral Parliament (Parlamentul României) with a 176-seat Senate (Senatul) and a 412-seat Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputatilor) including seats reserved for ethnic minorities (17). The Prime Minister and the Cabinet of Ministers (on the advice of the Prime Minister, with prior approval by Parliament) are appointed by the President. Administrative divisions: 41 counties and the capital, Bucharest. Governing coalition: Technocratic government led by Prime Minister Viorica Dancila.

Head of State:
President Klaus Iohannis (PNL)

Head of Government:
Prime Minister Ludovic Orban

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Bogdan Aurescu
Defense: Nicolae-Ionel Ciuca
Business Environment, Commerce and Entrepreneurship: Virgil-Daniel POPESCU

Main Political Parties:
Parties with parliamentary representation: Social Democratic Party (PSD), National LiberalParty (PNL), Save Romania Union (USR), Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR); Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE); People’s Movement Party (PMP); National Minorities Chamber of Deputies (seats): PSD (154); PNL (69); USR (30); UDMR (21); ALDE (20); PMP (18); National Minorities (17); Senate (seats): PSD (67), ALDE (9); UDMR (9); PNL (30); USR (13); PMP (8)

Elections:
President: 5 year term; next in 2019. Members of the Senate & Chamber of Deputies: 4 year terms; next parliamentary in 2020.


Economic Information (2018)

Comparative figures
Type Romania Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 311.49 2,222.58
GDP per capita: ($) 15,954.81 60,078.85
GDP growth rate: (%) 4.13 1.83
Inflation: (%) 4.63 2.24
Unemployment: (%) 4.17 5.82

Product Trade and Investment (2018)

Canadian exports to country: $198,050,019
Canadian imports from country: $509,943,308
FDI in Canada : $ million
CDI in Romania: $658 million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Chargé d’Affaires Bogdan Manoiu

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Kevin Hamilton


December 2019
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

PDF Version

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Romania
Year Exports Imports
2014 $108,307,634 $424,626,902
2015 $85,439,657 $320,645,618
2016 $94,183,545 $523,615,347
2017 $143,160,968 $553,333,674
2018 $198,050,019 $509,943,308
Product trade (2018)
21 HS Sections
Canada - Romania
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $4,385,788 $198,278
02 Veg. Prod. $84,898 $2,111,177
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $21,686 $1,084
04 Food Prod. $5,184,392 $3,635,614
05 Mineral Prod. $59,775,004 $16,785
06 Chemical Prod. $28,170,218 $13,688,619
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $2,601,306 $38,784,737
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $11,377 $4,993,008
09 Wood Prod. $578,889 $6,527,874
10 Paper Prod. $4,181,055 $1,388,842
11 Textiles Prod. $1,704,205 $86,041,912
12 Dress Access. $674,966 $33,416,504
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $84,263 $2,508,720
14 Precious Metals/stones $7,511 $11,225
15 Base Metal Prod. $7,121,309 $146,940,549
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $34,553,859 $112,377,967
17 Vehicles and Equip. $36,563,130 $16,636,015
18 Specialized Inst. $3,324,903 $12,181,293
19 Arms & Ammunition $64,028 $16,621
20 Misc. Articles $ $24,903,567
21 Antiques $12,976 $1,028