Factsheet : Romania

Official Title:
Romania


General Information

Capital: Bucharest
Population (million): 19.52
Total Area: 238,391km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 3.12 Leu (new) (RON)(2018- Annual average)
National Holiday: December 1, Unification Day (1918)
Language(s): Romanian (official language), Hungarian, German


Political Information

Type of State:
Republic

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral Parliament (Parlamentul României) with a 176-seat Senate (Senatul) and a 412-seat Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputatilor) including seats reserved for ethnic minorities (17). The Prime Minister and the Cabinet of Ministers (on the advice of the Prime Minister, with prior approval by Parliament) are appointed by the President. Administrative divisions: 41 counties and the capital, Bucharest. Governing coalition: Technocratic government led by Prime Minister Ludovic Orban.

Head of State:
President Klaus Iohannis (PNL)

Head of Government:
Prime Minister Ludovic Orban

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Bogdan Aurescu
Defense: Nicolae-Ionel Ciuca
Business Environment, Commerce and Entrepreneurship: Virgil-Daniel POPESCU

Main Political Parties:
Parties with parliamentary representation: Social Democratic Party (PSD), National LiberalParty (PNL), Save Romania Union (USR), Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR); Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE); People’s Movement Party (PMP); National Minorities Chamber of Deputies (seats): PSD (154); PNL (69); USR (30); UDMR (21); ALDE (20); PMP (18); National Minorities (17); Senate (seats): PSD (67), ALDE (9); UDMR (9); PNL (30); USR (13); PMP (8)

Elections:
President: 5 year term; next in 2019. Members of the Senate & Chamber of Deputies: 4 year terms; next parliamentary in 2020.


Economic Information (2018)

Comparative figures
Type Romania Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 311.49 2,222.58
GDP per capita: ($) 15,954.81 60,078.85
GDP growth rate: (%) 4.13 1.83
Inflation: (%) 4.63 2.24
Unemployment: (%) 4.17 5.82

Product Trade and Investment (2019)

Canadian exports to country: $101,688,515
Canadian imports from country: $467,863,652
FDI in Canada (2018) : $ million
CDI in country (2018): $658 million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Chargé d’Affaires Bogdan Manoiu

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Kevin Hamilton


February 2020
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

PDF Version

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Romania
Year Exports Imports
2015 $85,439,657 $320,645,618
2016 $94,183,545 $523,615,347
2017 $143,160,968 $553,314,446
2018 $197,735,106 $510,026,584
2019 $101,688,515 $467,863,652
Product trade (2019)
21 HS Sections
Canada - Romania
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $6,781,086 $789,809
02 Veg. Prod. $38,995 $3,547,530
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $79,242 $6,900
04 Food Prod. $5,995,638 $3,570,300
05 Mineral Prod. $11,617,867 $497
06 Chemical Prod. $19,950,309 $14,957,836
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $1,073,477 $39,975,798
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $61,162 $4,901,675
09 Wood Prod. $508,894 $7,979,502
10 Paper Prod. $1,545,961 $2,251,934
11 Textiles Prod. $1,188,075 $84,398,311
12 Dress Access. $60,836 $31,609,355
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $17,985 $1,900,758
14 Precious Metals/stones $19,378 $4,054
15 Base Metal Prod. $9,111,545 $81,137,961
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $31,474,972 $130,999,699
17 Vehicles and Equip. $6,042,307 $18,197,760
18 Specialized Inst. $4,264,816 $11,559,387
19 Arms & Ammunition $43,601 $264,818
20 Misc. Articles $547,731 $28,373,576
21 Antiques $4,547 $8,841