Canada - Macedonia Relations

The Republic of Macedonia gained independence in 1991 and since then Canada and Macedonia have enjoyed positive bilateral relations. In December 2005, Macedonia received formal candidate status from the European Union.

Overview

Canada is represented in Macedonia by the Embassy of Canada to Serbia, Macedonia and Montenegro in Belgrade, and maintains a consulate in Skopje run by an honorary consul. Macedonia opened an embassy in Ottawa in 1996.

In September 2007, Canada recognized Macedonia under its constitutional name the Republic of Macedonia.

In the UN and other international bodies, Canada continues to respect the term used for Macedonia is the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

Military and defence cooperation

Macedonia would like to join NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) as a member country. Canada supports the decision made by NATO at the 2008 Bucharest Summit to extend an invitation for NATO membership to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. When a mutually acceptable solution to the name issue with Greece has been reached, Canada will be pleased to welcome Macedonia to NATO.

Macedonia is an active participant in NATO’s Partnership for Peace program and provides troops to multilateral peacekeeping operations. Macedonia contributed personnel to NATO’s International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan and now contributes to NATO’s Operation Resolute Support mission.

Macedonia joined the Department of National Defence’s Military Training Cooperation Program (MTCP) in 1998. MTCP is a program that provides military cooperation with troop and language training to develop and enhance bilateral defence relations.

Canadian development assistance

Working with both the Macedonian government and the public, Canada has encouraged political and economic reform in Macedonia through supporting initiatives. In 2018, the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI) became available to Macedonian civil society organizations.

These initiatives promote:

  • human and minority rights
  • democratic development
  • good governance
  • respect for the rule of law
  • public sector capacity building
  • conflict prevention
  • peace-building
  • security sector reform

In 2009, the former Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) officially closed its office in the Western Balkans, giving $950,000 in funding during its final year of operations in the country.

Trade and investment

Goods traded between Canada and Macedonia totalled $15.3 million in 2017. Canadian goods exported to Macedonia declined from $5.8 million in 2015 to $4.1 million in 2017.

The main export category is meat, followed by vehicles and parts. Canadian merchandise imports from Macedonia totalled $11.2 million in 2017. The main import categories are woven apparel and prepared fruits, vegetables and nuts. 

Macedonia offers commercial opportunities for Canadian companies in areas such as:

  • mining
  • transportation
  • information and communication technology
  • agri-food
  • tourism
  • environmental technologies
  • construction
  • real estate

June 2018