Canada – North Macedonia relations
The Republic of North Macedonia gained independence in 1991 and since then Canada and North Macedonia have enjoyed positive bilateral relations. In December 2005, North Macedonia received formal candidate status from the European Union.
Canada is represented in North Macedonia by the Embassy of Canada to Serbia, North Macedonia and Montenegro in Belgrade, and maintains a consulate in Skopje run by an honorary consul. North Macedonia opened an embassy in Ottawa in 1996.
Military and defence cooperation
With the support of Canada, North Macedonia is in the process of acceding to NATO. North Macedonia is an active participant in NATO’s Partnership for Peace program and provides troops to multilateral peacekeeping operations. North Macedonia contributed personnel to NATO’s International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan and now contributes to NATO’s Operation Resolute Support mission.
North Macedonia joined the Department of National Defence’s Military Training Cooperation Program (MTCP) in 1998. MTCP is a program that provides military training and capacity building in the area of peace operations to develop and enhance bilateral defence relations.
Canadian development assistance
Working with the government and people of North Macedonia, Canada has encouraged political and economic reform in the country through supporting initiatives. In 2018, the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI) became available to civil society organizations in North Macedonia.
These initiatives promote:
- human and minority rights
- democratic development
- good governance
- respect for the rule of law
- public sector capacity building
- conflict prevention
- security sector reform
In 2009, the former Canadian International Development Agency officially closed its office in the Western Balkans, giving $950,000 in funding during its final year of operations in the country.
Trade and investment
Merchandise traded between Canada and North Macedonia totalled $37.8 million in 2018. Canadian merchandise exported to North Macedonia rose from $3.6 million in 2016 to $6.1 million in 2018.
The main export category is meat, followed by vehicles and parts. Canadian merchandise imports from North Macedonia totalled $31.7 million in 2018. The main import categories are iron, steel, and tobacco.
North Macedonia offers commercial opportunities for Canadian companies in areas such as:
- information and communication technology
- defence and security
- clean technology
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