Canada - Singapore Relations
n Singapore, Canada is represented by the High Commission of Canada. Singapore is represented in Canada by a non-resident High Commissioner, who is based in Singapore. Honorary Consul-Generals are present in Vancouver and Toronto.
Political and Economic Overview
Singapore is a small, highly developed, politically stable, and dynamic city-state located at the physical and economic heart of Southeast Asia. It has 5.6 million residents, of which 74% are Chinese, 13% Malay and 9% South Asian. Singapore became independent from the UK in 1963, and became a fully independent country in 1965. Singapore is a parliamentary republic. The elected President is the Head of State and the Prime Minister is the Head of Government.
Singapore is a trading nation and serves as a financial and commercial hub in the region. Singapore is committed to investing its resources to develop a thriving research and development infrastructure in key industrial sectors, mostly relating to innovation in technology infrastructure.
Canada was one of the first countries to establish diplomatic ties with Singapore since it became fully independent in 1965. Since then, Singapore has become one of our most important partners in Southeast Asia. Bilateral relations between Canada and Singapore are wide-ranging, and characterized by cooperation in a variety of areas, including:
- security and defence
- science and technology
- Arctic related issues
Canada and Singapore cooperate within multilateral fora such as:
- Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
- the World Trade Organization
- the Commonwealth
- the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum
Canada and Singapore are like-minded on many regional and international issues, including:
- open trade
- rules-based international order
- security issues
- climate change
- support for inclusive societies
In May 2013, Singapore was admitted as an Arctic Council observer state with Canadian support.
As a maritime nation and shipping hub, Singapore is interested in the potential economic impact of increased Arctic shipping in the Northern Sea Route as well as in supplying infrastructure to the developing northern oil and gas industry. As a low-lying island, it is also concerned with environment issues such as the rising sea levels caused by the melting of Arctic sea ice. Singapore endorsed the Vancouver Principles in May 2019 and is part of the Ottawa Group on WTO reform.
Singapore and Canada have diverse populations that represent a range of values, customs and perspectives. Together we pursue an open dialogue and exchange of ideas on policies and programs related to pluralism and multiculturalism.
Canada and Singapore enjoy strong people-to-people links. These ties are enhanced by the thousands of Singaporean students who study in Canada, Canadian students studying in Singapore, the many Canadians who reside in Singapore, and the thousands of Canadians that visit the city-state every year.
Trade and Investment
In 2018, the value of Canada’s bilateral merchandise trade with Singapore reached $2.53 billion. Canada’s merchandise exports reached $1.27 billion led by mechanical machinery, electrical machinery and equipment, and scientific and precision instruments. Canadian merchandise imports from Singapore totaled $1.26 billion in 2018 led by electrical machinery and equipment, scientific and precision instruments and mechanical machinery. Services trade between the two countries totaled $3.07 billion in 2018. In 2018, Singapore was Canada’s largest destination in Southeast Asia for Canadian direct investment abroad ($5.85 billion), and Canada’s largest source of foreign direct investment ($116 million) from Southeast Asia.
- International Civil Aviation Organization
- The Pacific Alliance
- United Nations
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
- World Trade Organization
Trade and investment agreements
- World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Facilitation (TFA)
- Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)
- Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
- Agreement on Trade-related Investment Measures (TRIMS)
- General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (GATT)
- General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
- World Trade Organization Information Technology Agreement (ITA)
- World Trade Organization Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA)
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