Canada - South Sudan Relations

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Canada established diplomatic relations with the Republic of South Sudan following the latter’s independence on July 9, 2011. Canada opened a bilateral office in 2011, and announced the establishment of a diplomatic mission in Juba in September 2014, appointing its first resident Ambassador in January 2015. South Sudan is represented in Canada by its Embassy based in Washington, D.C.

Canada supports regional and international mediation efforts towards a peaceful and sustainable resolution of conflict in South Sudan. Canadian government representatives have worked to support peace and development, including through early recovery programming, peacekeeping and peace building, and diplomatic efforts to lay the foundation for sustainable development. In addition, Canada provides humanitarian assistance to address the immediate needs of conflict-affected people.

Canada is engaged at multiple levels in the country’s political process for a peaceful resolution of the conflict. Canada co-represents the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Partners Forum at the Reconstituted Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (RJMEC), the principal oversight body established under the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS).

International assistance

Canada has been a key contributor of international assistance to South Sudan, providing over $900 million since its independence in 2011. Canada supports humanitarian assistance, peace and security and development programming in South Sudan.

Canada’s development assistance to South Sudan focuses on improving access to quality health services, with a particular emphasis on sexual and reproductive health and rights, reducing food insecurity, ensuring access to quality education and supporting inclusive governance, especially for vulnerable populations, including women and girls. Canada’s humanitarian assistance is helping provide emergency food and nutrition, water and sanitation, healthcare, protection services and shelter for vulnerable conflict-affected populations.

Canada’s total international assistance, including support for peace and security, to South Sudan totalled $129.2 million in 2020-21.

Peace and security

Canada has been contributing to the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), through uniformed peacekeepers (CAF) and via assessed contributions to peacekeeping missions annually since 2011, to consolidate peace and security and help establish conditions for development. Since 2010, Canada has provided more than $17.8 million in security and stabilization support to South Sudan, which since 2016 has been through the Peace and Stabilization Operations Program. Current projects in South Sudan are aimed at supporting the national peace process, supporting local-level peacebuilding and conflict resolution, and preventing the recruitment of children in the armed groups and armed forces.

Commercial relations

Both the Government of Canada and Canadian companies are exploring opportunities for commercial relations with and in South Sudan. In 2021, two-way merchandise trade between Canada and South Sudan totaled $2.212 million. Exports to South Sudan were $2.2 million in 2021 and led by aircraft and other transportation parts and equipment. Imports from South Sudan were $12,700 in 2021 and were also led by aircraft and other transportation parts and equipment.