Canada - Madagascar Relations
Canada established diplomatic ties with Madagascar in 1965, five years after Madagascar gained independence. In Madagascar, Canada is represented by the High Commission of Canada in South Africa, in Pretoria, and by an honorary consul located in Antananarivo. In Canada, Madagascar is represented by its embassy in Ottawa and by an honorary consul in Sainte-Adèle, Quebec.
Canada and Madagascar maintain positive bilateral relations, anchored in common membership in La Francophonie and the United Nations. Canada and Madagascar share similar views on a number of multilateral issues, including gender equality, the environment and climate change.
Since Madagascar’s peaceful and democratic general elections in late 2013, Canada has encouraged the Government of Madagascar to promote national reconciliation, restore democratic governance and the rule of law, and create conditions favorable to the country’s economic development. Canada continues to promote a return to democratic rule in Madagascar, notably through La Francophonie.
Madagascar benefits from Canadian international assistance through support to key multilateral and regional organizations active in the country, such as the UN, the World Bank, the African Development Bank, the African Union and others. Local organizations can also receive assistance from the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives, which has funded projects focused on climate action as well as gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls.
After the Francophonie Summit in Madagascar in 2016, Canada announced a $6.2 million contribution to enhance education and training for youth in Madagascar. Malagasy nationals are also eligible for scholarships to study in Canada through the African Leaders of Tomorrow Scholarship Program and the Canadian Francophonie Scholarship Program. Through internship programs started in 2018, young Canadian interns have the opportunity to be directly involved with Malagasy organizations to support their work in the education and justice sectors.
Canada also funds regional initiatives in Madagascar in areas such as intra-African trade, climate change resilience and natural resource management.
In 2017, two-way merchandise trade between Canada and Madagascar totaled $115.5 million, consisting of $16.1 million in exports from Canada and $99.4 million in imports from Madagascar. Canada has significant mining investments in Madagascar. Sherritt International, based in Toronto, is the operator of the Ambatovy mining and refining operation, the largest foreign investment in Madagascar.
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