Canada established official diplomatic relations with the Republic of Sudan in 1961 and our Office in Khartoum (2000) was upgraded to an Embassy in 2005. In Sudan, Canada maintains an Embassy in Khartoum. In Canada, Sudan maintains an Embassy in Ottawa. On January 13 2020, Canada and Sudan reciprocally announced the upgrade of their diplomatic representation from the level of Chargé d’Affaires en pied to Ambassador.
Since the early 1990s, Canada has worked with partners to promote human rights, democracy, accountable and inclusive governance and unhindered humanitarian access in Sudan. Canada has also supported the strengthening of peace processes to bring an end to the conflicts between government and opposition groups through negotiation and dialogue, including providing support which resulted in the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
In 2016, Canada helped to establish a ‘Group of Friends on Children and Armed Conflict’ in Sudan, as part of an international network of countries working to facilitate dialogue on child recruitment issues. Canada is also a co-chair, since 2013, of the International Partners Forum in Sudan, a coordination mechanism to enhance constructive dialogue between diplomatic offices to advance human rights in Sudan.
Canada supports the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) and the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) in Sudan through financial contributions to UN peacekeeping operations. From 2005 to 2009, Canada also contributed military personnel and equipment to these missions. Through support to the efforts of UNAMID and UNISFA, Canada contributes to the protection of civilians affected by conflict, the improvement of the security situation for the Sudanese people, and enhancement of peace and stability in the Abyei region.
Humanitarian needs in Sudan continue to be driven by a combination of factors including, conflict, insecurity, displacement, underdevelopment, poverty, environmental degradation, and weak governance and institutional capacities. In 2019, Canada provided over $14 million in humanitarian assistance to Sudan through UN and NGO partners to help meet needs in emergency food, shelter, water and sanitation, healthcare and protection services for people affected by crises.
Canada provides funding support to Sudanese civil society organizations to promote human rights, gender equality, pluralism and diversity, including a number of projects in 2019 supporting women’s inclusion in political processes such as peace negotiations. In 2017-20, through UNAMID, Canada supported projects on rule of law, and children in armed conflict.
In 2018, two-way merchandise trade between Canada and Sudan totaled $40.3 million, consisting of $39.8 million in exports from Canada and $500,000 in imports from Sudan.
Canada, as a United Nations Member State, implements sanctions mandated by the United Nations Security Council with respect to Sudan. Subject to certain exceptions, the measures implemented in the United Nations Sudan Regulations include an arms embargo against Sudan as well as an asset freeze and travel ban against designated persons. Canadian companies active in or interested in doing business in Sudan must ensure they act in accordance with these regulations.
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