Canada established diplomatic relations with Zimbabwe in 1980 following the latter’s independence. In Zimbabwe, Canada maintains an embassy in Harare, which is concurrently accredited to Angola and Botswana. In Canada, Zimbabwe maintains an embassy in Ottawa.
In 2008, Canada adopted the Special Economic Measures Act (Zimbabwe) Regulations. These measures prohibit arms trading with Zimbabwe and impose sanctions against listed Zimbabweans and entities. The measures will remain in place until there are positive shifts in Zimbabwean policy that result in improvements in human rights, democracy, freedom and the rule of law.
In the 2016 to 2017 fiscal year, Canada provided $19.7 million in international assistance to Zimbabwe, the majority of it channeled through long-term institutional support of multilateral organizations. Canada’s assistance to Zimbabwe also includes initiatives in areas such as gender equality, scholarships, infrastructure project preparation, agriculture and climate change resilience.
The Canada Fund for Local Initiatives administered by the Canadian embassy also provides support to local organizations to promote good governance, human rights and the empowerment of women.
Two-way merchandise trade between Canada and Zimbabwe was valued at $28.1 million in 2017, comprising $13.1 million-worth of Canadian exports to, and $15 million-worth of imports from, Zimbabwe. Top Canadian merchandise exports to Zimbabwe include wheat, agricultural products, motor vehicle parts and lentils. Top Canadian merchandise imports include nickel and related products, vermiculite and granite, as well as tobacco products. Canadian investment in Zimbabwe is predominantly in the mining sector.
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